Developmental Programs in Local Communities
This article analyses the impact of developmental programmes on social integration in two Hungarian small towns. It studies changing patterns of social integration in two settlements sharing similar endowments, with respect to a middle-sized Roma population living in segregated neighbourhoods. Drawing on recent studies in economic sociology, social integration is used as a proxy for socio-economic development and explained by differences in the transformation of local institutions. Divergences in institutional change influence the innovation capacity of communities and institutional change distributes authority among a variety of local and central state, non-state, for- profit and non-profit actors providing space for their association and forming the basis of an integrated local community. The main aim of the study is mapping the factors and mechanisms that shape and generate institutional change in support of social cohesion and development. Our cases explore that in the absence of such institutions, public goods are more likely to be appropriated by incumbents, which hinders the evolution of innovative solutions to socio-economic problems and weakens the developmental capacities of communities.
Bruszt László (2002): Market Making as State Making – Constitutions and Economic Development in Postcommunist Eastern Europe. Constitutional Political Economy, 13, 53–72.
Bruszt László (2007): Evolving Regional Governance Regimes: Challenges for Institution Building in the CEE countries. Report prepared for the cluster workshop. Manuscript.
Bruszt, László – Vedres, Balázs (2013): Associating, Mobilizing, Politicizing: Local Development Agency from Without. Theory and Society, 42 (1), 1–23.
Crouch, Colin (2005): Capitalist Diversity and Change: Recombinant Governance and Institutional Entrepreneurs. Oxford: OUP.
Evans, Peter (1995): Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Princeton Press Ltd.
Farrell, Henry – Jack Knight (2003): Trust, Institutions, and Institutional Change: Industrial Districts and the Social Capital Hypothesis. Politics &Society, 31 (4), 537–566.. http://athens.src.uchicago.edu/jenni/atbarbar/indis/farrell_knight_POLSOC03_trust%20institution%20industrial%20districts%20social%20capital%20hypothesis.pdf
Fligstein, Niel (2001): Social Skill and the Theory of Fields. Sociological Theory, 19, 105–125.
Grabher, Gernot (2005): Switching Ties, Recombining Teams: Avoiding Lock-In Through Project Organization? In Fuchsm Gerhard – Shapira, Philip (eds.): Rethinking Regional Innovation and Change: Path Dependency or Regional Breakthrough. New York: Springer.
Grabher, Gernot – Stark, David (1997): Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism. OUP.
Greif, Avner – Laitin, David D. (2004): A Theory of Endogenous Institutional Change. American Political Science Review, 98 (4), 633–652. http://web.stanford.edu/~avner/Greif_Papers/2004%20A%20Theory%20of%20Endogenous%20Instituitonal%20Change.pdf
Keller Judit (2011): Heterarchia és fejlődési pályaváltás. Új megközelítés a kistérségkutatásban. Tér és Társadalom, 25 (3), 4–26. http://tet.rkk.hu/index.php/TeT/article/viewFile/1877/3789
Paraskevopoulos, J. Christos (2001): Interpreting Convergence in the European Union: Patterns of Collective Action, Social Learning and Europeanization, Houndsmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Sabel, Charles (1994): Flexible Specialization and the Re-emergence of Regional Economies. In Amin Ash (ed,): Post- Fordism: A Reader. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell,
Heterarchy: Distributing Intelligence and Organizing Diversity. Pp. 153-179 in The Biology of Business: Decoding the Natural Laws of Enterprise, John Clippinger, editor. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999.
Trigilia, Carlo (2001): Social Capital and Local Development. European Journal of Social Theory, 4 (4), 427–442. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/241441020_Social_Capital_and_Local_Development
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work three months after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. This acknowledgement is not automatic, it should be asked from the editors and can usually be obtained one year after its first publication in the journal.